The endangered oak tree


← View this photo at the imagebank | Photo ref: #002.41.002011

Granulated cork is glued, compressed in tubes and cut to produce the new Amorim cork stoppers type, (...)
Granulated cork is glued, compressed in tubes and cut to produce the new Amorim cork stoppers type, TwinTop, at the factory in Coruche, Portugal on Wednesday, June 18, 2008. The factory has a daily production of over 4 million cork stoppers for several k
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Description Granulated cork is glued, compressed in tubes and cut to produce the new Amorim cork stoppers type, TwinTop, at the factory in Coruche, Portugal on Wednesday, June 18, 2008. The factory has a daily production of over 4 million cork stoppers for several kinds os use. The Oak tree lives between 150 to 200 years and its harvest interval is of nine years. Each tree will have on average, during its life, sixteen harvests. The oak tree woodlands have also a special importance in the Iberian ecosystem, since over 40 bird species, like the Black Stork, Eurasian Black Vulture and the Spanish Imperial Eagle, depend on them. Sustained in the oak tree woodlands is also the Iberian Lynx, which has been considered the most endangered cat species in the world. The Iberian Lynx makes use of the oak tree woodlands for its survival needs. The worldwide growing search trend for environmental friendly products, the cork proven qualities and applicability has boosted, economically, this activity, offering about 15.000 jobs. In Portugal, the average production is about 190.000 tons (418,878,298 pounds) per year, which generates about 550 million euros and corresponds to 54% of the worldwide production. Being the world's largest producer, with 33% of the world's oak woddlands, Portugal has about 725.000 hectares (2,799.2406 square miles) of oak tree forests, being the second largest tree specie forested area in the country. A report issued by the World Wide Foundation (WWF), in London, UK, on May 15, 2006, alerts for the danger of a possible 3/4 loss of the Oak tree forests worldwide within ten years, threatening the economical and environmental crisis. WWF warns that up to two million hectares of cork oak forests (an area about the size of Switzerland) will be put in heightened risk of desertification and forest fires due to a predicted decline in the cork stoppers market.
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